Engineering the properties of CPM (Cement Paste Matrix ) for Minimizing Corrosion of Concrete Reinforcement

In a concrete environment the steel reinforcement is chemically passivated by the alkalinity of the concrete cover, the rate of corrosion under ideal conditions is negligible, however due to the  changes in the conditions around the steel reinforcement, the rates of corrosion can reach alarming proportions . 

Steel reinforcements is often used in severe environments where soluble chlorides are present . Ingress  of chloride in the concrete surrounding the reinforcements ( coastal environment or in regions where deicing salts are used ) disrupts the passive protective oxide layer causing the steel  to rust  and pit.

When Carbonation depth of the concrete reaches the reinforcements , it reduces the alkalinity of the steel environment, under these conditions the steel loses its passivity and rapidly corrodes .

Both the above deterioration causes are related to the quality of concrete / concrete practices, water cement ratio used and thus resultantly are governed by the permeability of the concrete . 

Substantial studies have been carried out on assessing the properties of the cement paste matrix with use of OPC & fly ash based blended cements and its influence on minimizing the corrosion of the steel reinforcements. The studies include comparison of the alkalinity, permeability, degree of carbonation, sulphate resistance of the concrete and the corrosion characteristics of the steel reinforcements, in RCC made with  OPC and fly ash based blended cements. These studies reveal that the Cement Paste Matrix achieved with the fly ash based cements show substantial improvements in the resistance of the concrete to the steel reinforcements.

The paper  discusses in some details ,  the basic mechanism of  reinforcement corrosion and the different avenues for minimizing the damage  in concrete due to the steel corrosion . Finally it is concluded that one of the most reliable and efficient option for minimizing the corrosion of steel reinforcement would be through use of an Engineered Blended cements in concrete. The Paper was submitted & presented at Mumbai IIT at the CORCON 2003

16 thoughts on “Engineering the properties of CPM (Cement Paste Matrix ) for Minimizing Corrosion of Concrete Reinforcement”

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